The Ambient Cannibal: A Review of a Sept 1996 Episode of Negativland’s Radio Show

“The Ambient Cannibal,” an episode of KPFA’s Thursday night program, Over the Edge, begins like all episodes of Over the Edge: with the song “Heaven and Hell” by Vangelis (a composer perhaps best known for his soundtracks to the films Blade Runner and Chariots of Fire). It opens with a soaring, wordless female vocal. It has those rich Vangelis synthesizer lines, a steadily building melody, and, eventually, low male vocals and a church bell. It’s so damn serious, has so much gravitas, that the listener assumes it has to be a joke. And it is—sort of.

The nebulous space between the straight-faced admission and the bald-faced lie, the real and the surreal, is the terrain of Over the Edge. It is also, by extension, the terrain of the Bay Area band/collage artists/media pranksters/copyright activist group Negativland, who, through the commitment of member Don Joyce, are responsible for Over the Edge. Joyce—who trained as a painter at the Rhode Island School of Design—became a member of Negativland after inviting the band to play on an early incarnation of Over the Edge, and it was his exposure to their collage techniques and creative, anything-goes approach that first got him thinking about the radio station as a “performative instrument.” The show became a lab, a place to try out material for records and performance. It also served as an outlet for narrative ideas, such as “Moonrock,” the serialized history of the band’s conjured mythology, and Don’s many on-air personae: Omar D. Edge; Dr. Oslow Norway, Dean of Psychiatric Broadcasting for the Universal Media Netweb; and C. Elliot Friday, the world’s richest man.

Episodes of Over the Edge revolve around a theme. In this case, it is a three-hour consideration of ­cannibalism—of the ritual, fictional, and audio variety. A ­Canadian anthropologist discusses cannibalism in the natives of the American Northwest; a whispering pirate DJ with a British accent plays odd, lo-fi punk rock that sounds like it’s been recorded by the DJ himself; the famously curmudgeonly author Harlan Ellison reads a disturbing—and brilliant—story about Jack the Ripper let loose in a futuristic city. All of it is set against a backdrop of ambient electronic music, much of it from DJ Spooky’s Necropolis: The Dialogic Project.

Over the Edge plays best at night. If you’re not in Berkeley at midnight on a Thursday, you will be rewarded if you take your recording of the show and wait until dark, until you are feeling the pull of sleep on your eyelids, before pressing play. Be warned, though: Joyce knows how to build suspense, knows how to press a person’s panic buttons, knows how to impose on one’s semiconscious and subconscious time. “The Ambient Cannibal,” for example, is a thick fog of audio: The three primary sources are braided together slowly and converse with one another. Sometimes multiple elements of the mix play at once, and the result is nerve-poking discord. And it somehow seems that the tone and pitch of the conversations rise with the music—both by design and through some magical synchronicity.

The material Joyce chooses can be downright creepy. His UFO shows—a subject he often returns to—can lead to fits of paranoia. His work sits somewhere between the gonzo radio comedy of the Firesign Theatre, the beautiful CBC collage documentaries of pianist Glenn Gould, and the panic-inducing drama of Orson Welles’s 1938 adaptation of The War of the Worlds.

For twenty-six years—with very limited interruption and only a few scheduling changes—Joyce has been preparing his source tapes, writing scripts, carrying his stuff down to the KPFA studios, hooking up his delays and his sound generators, pressing play and pause on tape players, taking and monitoring calls (the callers play samples or join in as well, in what Joyce calls “receptacle programming”), and creating a three- to five-hour themed audio collage, without pay, to air every Thursday, just as the clock strikes midnight.

—Matthew Simmons


Megan Milks is the author of Margaret and the Mystery of the Missing Body (Feminist Press, 2021), a finalist for the Lambda Literary Award in transgender fiction, as well as Slug and Other Stories and Remember the Internet: Tori Amos Bootleg Webring.

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